Multiple sclerosis is an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system that consists of the brain and spinal cord. Also called "white matter" tissue disease. The white matter is composed of nerve fibers that are involved in the transmission of communication signals inside the central nervous system and between the nerves that supply the central nervous system and the rest of the body
Multiple sclerosis can take a long time to destroy the central nervous system, making it difficult to explain. People affected by this disease have patches called randomly occurring injuries, plaques, or lesions in the white matter of the central nervous system. Multiple sclerosis never affects two people in the same way, and like fingerprints, the illness at each interval is unique to him or her. The body's immune system attacks the external nerve sheath and myelin, causing lesions and sclerosis, which interfere with the transmission of signals necessary for normal functioning.
The most common symptoms of multiple sclerosis are tingling, characteristic nerve sensations such as a "tingling" sensation in parts of the body, numbness and paresthesias, clumsiness, weakness at release or hands, and facial disorders. is. Recent studies have shown that the biochemical composition of lesions depends on the form of the disease, causing nerve damage in one place and usually different symptoms than injuries in another. This is one of the reasons why multiple sclerosis varies greatly from person to person. .. .. .. People with multiple sclerosis can experience partial or complete loss of function controlled by or through the brain or spinal cord. Part of the white matter of the central nervous system becomes inflamed and soon myelin is destroyed. Myelin is a fat coating that separates the fibers of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. Other weaknesses occur in one or more limbs, mild stiffness or abnormal limb malaise, spastic involuntary movements, bladder control problems, incontinence, dizziness, and in some cases mild mental illness. .. Excessive fever can exacerbate symptoms.
The symptoms of multiple sclerosis vary and can be very unpredictable. It can affect the eyes first and usually affects only one eye at a time. Blurred or diplopia, blind spots, red and green distortion or blindness in both eyes. Certain muscles can become weak or very stiff, making them more susceptible to cramps. Disorders between the central nervous system and other parts of the body can make speech difficult. Half of all late-stage patients with multiple sclerosis have memory loss problems. When a doctor suspects an illness, he orders the MRI to look for signs of the brain and spinal cord. Seek medical attention if you have any of the symptoms listed here. The sooner you know you have an illness, the sooner you can start fighting it.